Nurlan Yermekbayev was born Jan. 1, 1963, in Shymkent.
In 1986, he graduated with honors from the Military Red Banner Institute of the USSR Ministry of Defense, as an officer with knowledge of Chinese and English.
From 1984 to 1985 he participated in a business trip as part of the USSR military mission in the People's Republic
From 1986 to 1991 he served in the military
officer positions in the Osh region of the Kyrgyz SSR, East Kazakhstan and Almaty regions of the Kazakh SSR in the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union.
Since gaining independence by the Republic of Kazakhstan from 1991 to 1996, he worked in foreign economic organizations, including abroad.
In 1996, he graduated from the Kazakh State Architecture and Construction Academy with a degree in engineering and economics. In different years he worked in commercial enterprises, the structure of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the Administration of the President.
Nurlan Yermekbayev served as adviser to the President of Kazakhstan — at the Foreign Policy Center of the Presidential Administration (2006-2007), vice minister of foreign affairs (2007-2010), assistant to the President (2010-2012), ambassador extraordinary and plenipotentiary of Kazakhstan in the People's Republic of China, concurrently in the Socialist Republic of Vietnam and the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (2012-2014), assistant to the President — secretary of the Security Council (2014-2016), minister of religious affairs and civil society (2016-2018).
From April 2018 to August 2018, he was assistant to the President – secretary of the Security Council of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
In August 2018 he was appointed minister of defense.
Feb. 25, 2019, by the Decree of the President he was reassigned as minister of defense.
March 18, 2019, by Decree of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, he received the military the rank of Major General.