Official Source of the
Prime Minister of the
Republic of Kazakhstan
Close button

One job in automotive industry stimulates creation of 7-8 jobs in related areas

Saturday, 28 March 2020, 19:10:56

Automotive industry is an integral part of the industrialization of the economy and the most important industry of the state. The industry ensures the stability of the agricultural sector, the energy and metallurgical sectors, transport and other key sectors, which largely determines the material consumption of the economy, labor productivity and economic security of the country. Over the years of the implementation of the industrialization program, the volume of production in the engineering industry has increased almost three times and exceeded the mark of 1 trillion tenge. Read more about the industry development and prospects for further growth in the review by Primeminister.kz.

Automotive Industry and Innovative Complexity of Economy

In the framework of new technological trends, such as Industry 4.0, the entire industry, in particular engineering, is aimed at increasing efficiency and productivity by making high-tech decisions on automation and digitalization of production.

The machine-building industry ensures the competitiveness of the economy as a whole, and thereby increases the employment of the population due to the enormous complex effect for the development of related industries. The general level of innovative development of society and, as a consequence, the quality of life of the population also depend on the level of development of the engineering industry.

One of the main advantages of the development of engineering industries is a powerful multiplier effect. The multiplier effect reflects the degree of influence of an individual industry or sector on the growth of the economy as a whole through the creation of additional demand in other sectors and sectors of the economy, and therefore, jobs. One workplace in the automotive industry stimulates the creation of about 7-8 jobs in related industries.

So, the production of machinery and equipment, electrical equipment, vehicles, which are related to the branches of mechanical engineering, has the greatest multiplier effect on other sectors of the economy.

Building up the production potential of mechanical engineering, contributing to the acceleration of all stages of any technological process, is one of the most demanded, today strategically significant, areas of development of the domestic economy. The process of continuous improvement of mechanical engineering activates innovative development.

Thus, mechanical engineering, being a complex diversified industry segment, favorably affects the rest of the economy as a whole, contributes to the growth of competitiveness and complexity of the economy, technical progress and the overall increase in the quality of life of the population of our country.

SPIID and Automotive Industry

In Kazakhstan, engineering industries are the main areas within the framework of the State Program of Industrial and Innovative Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan for 2015-2019. Prior to this, as part of the first stage of the country's industrialization, mechanical engineering was identified as one of the priorities for state support and growth promotion. At this moment, there was a sectoral development program for 2010-2014.

In developing the second stage of the country's industrialization, various sectoral programs were combined in the framework of the Unified State Program to overcome fragmentation, thereby substantially reformulating the goals in industrial policy. The second five-year plan included system-wide measures of industrial development in the financial sector, human resources, infrastructure, technology and innovation, internationalization, small and medium-sized enterprises, and industrial regulation. In addition, targeted support measures have been identified involving support in 14 manufacturing sectors. In this connection, the development of the entire manufacturing industry was brought under a single program and conditions, without division into individual industry programs.

Now Kazakhstan is looking towards new technological solutions and the introduction of advanced world experience in developing not only the economy, but also the manufacturing industry in particular.

Since 2000, Kazakhstan's machine-building production volume has increased 24 times. For 10-15 years, the industry has moved from the production of components and spare parts to the production of end products: diesel locomotives, electric locomotives, passenger and freight cars, trucks and cars, buses, combine harvesters, pumping equipment, elevators and other high-tech products. New types of products have appeared: locomotives, transformers, communication equipment, optical instruments, production of electronic parts, production of electric lighting equipment, etc.

Today, Kazakhstan produces all categories of vehicles.

So, in 2019, the volume of production of machinery and equipment increased by 20.9%. There are 2,664 enterprises operating in the machine-building industry, and more than 64 thousand workers are employed. In 2019, seven new projects were introduced, 1,080 jobs were created.

In 2019, growth was 62.5%, more than 50 thousand vehicles were produced. Kazakhstan has 51 enterprises producing cars and other motor vehicles.

The share of automobile production in mechanical engineering over nine years has grown from 5% to 26%. In 2019, 50,447 vehicles were produced.

Last year, 2,629 pieces of automotive equipment worth 13.2 billion tenge were exported.

Roadmap for Development of Mechanical Engineering

The roadmap provides for a comprehensive package of support measures, which includes measures to supply domestic enterprises with raw materials, increasing the share of local content in procurement, improving technical regulation measures, and introducing economic incentive mechanisms.

The highest growth dynamics among the engineering industries is demonstrated by the automotive industry. Actively developing production in the sectors of electrical, agricultural, railway, mining and oil and gas engineering.

In fact, all of these sub-sectors of engineering are priority. In general, production growth is forecasted due to the opening of new industries in electrical, agricultural engineering, the production of automotive components in the automotive industry, etc.

The country is actively developing oil and gas, mining, agricultural, electrical engineering.

Among the main domestic manufacturers of electrical equipment, the following can be distinguished:

  • Kentau Transformer Plant LLP
  • Kainar-AKB LLP
  • Almaty Electromechanical Plant LLP
  • JSC Kazenergokabel
  • JSC Kelet
  • JSC Ust-Kamenogorsk Condenser Plant
  • Almaty Fan Plant LLP
  • LLP Kazcentrelectroprovod
  • Saiman Corporation LLP

In electrical engineering, there is an increase in volumes of the largest players in the sector, at Kainar-AKB LLP – more than 50% of production goes to export markets. The ministry provides assistance in promoting products on the markets of Uzbekistan, the Russian Federation, the United Arab Emirates, the Republic of Belarus, etc.

What has been Done in Recent Years?

In December 2018, Alageum Electric JSC built the fourth transformer plant in Kazakhstan in Shymkent (Asia Trafo LLP) as part of the SPIID, production was previously established in Uralsk (Ural Transformer Plant LLP), in Aktau (Aktau Transformer Plant LLP), and in Kentau (Kentau Transformer Plant LLP).

On behalf of the Prime Minister Askar Mamin, together with the Ministry of Energy, in 2019, an analysis of the range of purchased products of oil and gas engineering was carried out at the Karachaganak, Kashagan, and Tengiz fields. A joint action plan has been developed and approved. As part of this plan, work is underway to conclude long-term contracts for oil and gas engineering enterprises with oil and gas sector operators.

Mining engineering enterprises also work to conclude long-term contracts with enterprises of the SWF Samruk-Kazyna and other subsoil users.

The main domestic mining engineering companies are the following enterprises: KazBelAZ JV LLP, Maker LLP of the Karaganda Foundry and Machine-Building Plant, KMZ after Parkhomenko, KarGorMash LLP, Rudservice K LLP, KIAMZ Geomash LLP, Urylysmet LLP, Kazakhstan Excavator LLP, KazZincMash LLP, MashZavod No. 1 LLP, Excavator JSC, JSC Excavator JV Belkamit, LLP ZMO, etc.

In 2019, agricultural machinery produced 41.2 billion tenge, an increase of 44%.

The Ministers of Industry and Trade of the Russian Federation and Industry and Infrastructure Development of the Republic of Kazakhstan on July 3, 2019, in Moscow approved a Program of Joint Actions in Industrial Cooperation between the Russian Federation and the Republic of Kazakhstan and a List of key projects, which include items of Agromashholding JSC and Petersburgsky Tractorny Zavod JSC.

In 2020, it is planned to increase production by 106.2%, the export of domestic equipment. The volume of exports of domestic engineering products will increase. At present, domestic manufacturers are analyzing the adverse market situation caused by the fall in oil prices and the coronavirus pandemic. Given the devaluation of the Russian ruble, the export of domestic products will be difficult.

On April 3, 2019, Joint Action Program was adopted between Kazakhstan and the Russian Federation to develop cooperative ties.

It provides for the cooperation of KAMAZ PJSC, Peterburgsky Tractorny Zavod JSC, AVTOVAZ PJSC and Hyundai Motor Manufacturing Rus LLC with Kazakhstani enterprises for the implementation of joint projects for the construction of factories for the production of main gearboxes for driving axles of trucks, a foundry and research engineering center, K-700 tractors and their components.

On Oct. 23, 2019, Kirovets tractors were launched at the Kostanay Tractor Plant.

The construction of a new Hyundai Trans Kazakhstan LLP plant in Almaty for the production of Hyundai cars with a capacity of 30 thousand per year in the first stage, 45 thousand per year in the second stage has begun.

Currently, three major projects with the participation of China are being implemented in the engineering industry:

  1. Production of JAC brand cars by coarse-assembly (DKD / SKD) and small-assembly (CKD) methods together with a strategic partner SMS
  2. SMS enters the capital of Allure Group of Companies JSC
  3. The project for Production of Lovol Tractors at JSC Agromashholding KZ.

SMS – JAC Motors plans on the site of SaryarkaAvtoProm LLP, in addition to increasing production volumes and expanding the range of cars manufactured, to establish the production of auto components.

In the framework of cooperation with Chinese partners, it is planned to launch factories to produce tires and engines, which will give a powerful impetus to the development of the automotive component base in Kazakhstan.

What is Needed for Sustainable Growth of Automotive Industry in Kazakhstan?

We need to consolidate the actions of state bodies, development institutions, public associations, financial organizations, enterprises of private and state ownership.

Key growth points should be focused on the modernization of existing fixed assets, by attracting investment, as well as the launch of new projects.

Consequently, more volumetric financing of the industry is necessary through soft loans, investments of both public and private funds for updating and modernization of fixed assets.

Personnel are one of the main and important factors of production. In the process of analysis, it turned out that, despite the presence of a sufficiently large number of working specialists, there is still a need for high-quality personnel, which is associated primarily with the development and modernization of existing enterprises, the emergence of new industries and a new technological structure, demographic changes, etc.

Among the factors of increasing the competitiveness of Kazakhstan's mechanical engineering, the development of human capital is one of the most important and at the same time problematic. Currently, the industry is going through a difficult period of development: gradually overcoming the crisis, adapting to work in modern market conditions and restoring the intellectual potential lost in the years after independence.

In general, the growth of the economy of Kazakhstan should be accompanied by the faster growth of engineering, which will increase the degree of automation and mechanization at industrial enterprises and increase labor productivity in all sectors of the economy of the republic. This can only be achieved if there is a sufficient pool of modern and highly qualified personnel, which are a success factor for the long-term development of the industry and the economy as a whole.

The qualifications of the workforce should be developed. According to official statistics, the most attractive sectors of the economy in terms of wages are the financial sector and mining. Today, in the engineering industry of Kazakhstan, the most trained personnel are from 40-45 to 65 years old.

In addition, it is necessary to create a close educational process between production and the educational center in the development of the labor market. There is a need for professional educational institutions to develop human resources for the modernization of the country's economy. As a result of the fact that many educational institutions do not adjust their work in accordance with the plans of enterprises in the real sector, there is a need to strengthen work on this issue.

So, for organizations of secondary special and vocational education, there is the importance of social partnership with enterprises in industries. Close cooperation and planning of the training program, which has much in common with what is required for production, will help to improve the quality of vocational education and training in the specialties and professions that are in demand on the labor market.

One of the key roles in this direction will be played by the industry-specific qualifications framework and professional standards in mechanical engineering, developed and constantly updated by business, to which educational standards will adapt.

News feed
15 January 2021, 10:04
President Kassym-Jomart Tokayev signs Decree on Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan
12 January 2021, 20:12
American Valmont Industries to launch plant for production of advanced irrigation systems in Kazakhstan
12 January 2021, 14:16
Volume of oil and condensate production in Kazakhstan in 2020 amounted to 85.7 million tons — Nurlan Nogayev
12 January 2021, 13:13
Agro-industrial complex of Kazakhstan in 2020 showed positive dynamics of development
12 January 2021, 13:00
At the end of 2020, state budget revenues plan fulfilled by 102.7% — Yerulan Zhamaubayev
12 January 2021, 11:55
Production of vehicles had positive effect on growth of machine-building industry — Beibut Atamkulov
12 January 2021, 10:51
Income of National Fund at the end of 2020 remained positive — Erbolat Dossaev
12 January 2021, 10:43
In 2020, employment measures covered 1.4 million people, tax breaks were received by 700 thousand entrepreneurs — Ministry of National Economy
12 January 2021, 10:02
In 2020, real sector became the main factor in stability of Kazakhstan’s national economy
11 January 2021, 19:20
Government session to be held Jan. 12 in Ukimet Uyi
11 January 2021, 10:36
Prime Minister Askar Mamin voted in elections of deputies to Majilis from Assembly of the People of Kazakhstan
10 January 2021, 07:46
Prime Minister of Kazakhstan Askar Mamin voted in parliamentary elections
08 January 2021, 15:54
World Bank improved its estimates for economic dynamics of Kazakhstan in 2020
08 January 2021, 14:03
Kazakhstan is developing investment cooperation with the United States through AIFC platform
07 January 2021, 08:08
Prime Minister of Kazakhstan Askar Mamin congratulates Kazakhstanis on Christmas
01 January 2021, 00:10
Prime Minister Askar Mamin congratulates Kazakhstanis on New Year
30 December 2020, 19:54
Yeraly Tugzhanov gets acquainted with production of unique devices for treatment of lung diseases
30 December 2020, 13:47
Fifty schools for 170 thousand places to be built under public-private partnership in Kazakhstan PPP
29 December 2020, 11:49
By 2030, Kazakhstan plans to grow about 270 thousand tons of marketable fish per year – Magzum Mirzagaliyev
29 December 2020, 11:33
Kazakhstan developed draft new General Agreement for 2021-2023 on achievement of Decent Work concept
29 December 2020, 10:00
Government adopts Program for Development of Fishing Industry until 2030
29 December 2020, 09:38
Askar Mamin instructs to ensure effective control over observance of labor rights of citizens
28 December 2020, 22:40
Government session to be held Dec. 29 in Ukimet Uyi
28 December 2020, 14:16
Alikhan Smailov participates in meeting of Council of Eurasian Economic Commission
24 December 2020, 17:37
Prime Minister Askar Mamin chairs meeting of Council on Transition to Green Economy under President of Kazakhstan
24 December 2020, 17:13
Askar Mamin chairs meeting of State Commission for Control over Construction of Nur-Sultan
24 December 2020, 11:31
Yerzhan Kazanbayev appointed vice minister of trade and integration of the Republic of Kazakhstan
24 December 2020, 11:29
Azamat Askaruly relieved as vice minister of trade and integration
23 December 2020, 12:16
Expansion of Makinsk poultry farm to improve food security in Kazakhstan — Askar Mamin
22 December 2020, 18:35
Government considers progress in implementation of Nation's Plan "100 Concrete Steps''
22 December 2020, 18:21
Minister of Defense speaks on military equipment of Armed Forces and service during emergency
22 December 2020, 11:48
Introduction of water-saving irrigation technologies to reduce water consumption and increase yields – Saparkhan Omarov
22 December 2020, 11:16
Ministry of Justice of Kazakhstan: Government’s plan of legislative work for 2020 fully implemented
22 December 2020, 10:21
192 billion tenge to be allocated for digitalization of trunk canals within 5 years — Magzum Mirzagaliyev
22 December 2020, 10:00
Government considers Plan of Legislative Work for 2021
22 December 2020, 09:50
Government considers issues of using water resources
21 December 2020, 16:17
Government session to be held Dec. 22 in Ukimet Uyi
21 December 2020, 13:17
Askar Mamin launches production of Yutong buses in Saran
21 December 2020, 11:09
Production of Sputnik V vaccine begins in Kazakhstan
20 December 2020, 16:38
From Dec. 25, 2020 to Jan. 5, 2021, restrictive measures to be strengthened in Kazakhstan
20 December 2020, 11:47
Single platform for protection of consumer rights to be launched in Kazakhstan — Ministry of Trade and Integration
19 December 2020, 14:32
Kazakhstan starts vaccination of three thousand volunteers with domestic QazCovid-in vaccine
16 December 2020, 10:48
Prime Minister Askar Mamin congratulates Kazakhstanis on Independence Day
15 December 2020, 19:32
How is heating season carried out and what measures are taken to ensure fire safety — Ministry of Emergency Situations
15 December 2020, 18:58
In 2020, 1,666 new projects implemented under Economy of Simple Things program — Ablay Myrzakhmetov
15 December 2020, 11:41
Output of industries of Economy of Simple Things for three years increased from 8.9 trillion tenge to 10.1 trillion tenge
15 December 2020, 09:53
Economy of Simple Things program proved its effectiveness — Askar Mamin
14 December 2020, 17:20
Government session to be held Dec. 15 in Ukimet Uyi
14 December 2020, 13:40
Prime Minister Askar Mamin presents state awards on the eve of Independence Day
12 December 2020, 13:06
Prime Minister Askar Mamin participates in opening of modular construction plant in Nur-Sultan
© 2019 - 2020 Press service of the Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
Developed by SoftDeCo.