During today’s Government session chaired by Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev, the Ministers of National Economy Timur Suleimenov, Information and Communication Dauren Abayev reported on the development of electronic commerce.

According to Timur Suleimenov, since the launch of efforts within the framework of the State Program "Digital Kazakhstan" and the Roadmap, there has been an upward trend in the development of electronic commerce.

According to official statistics in 2017, the size of the electronic commerce market of the Republic of Kazakhstan amounted to 106.9 billion tenge or 1.2% of the total retail turnover, an increase of 36.2%. According to the latest data of Kazpost JSC, the volume of the e-commerce market for 5 months of 2018 amounted to 101 billion tenge or 2.9% of the total volume of retail trade turnover (3.53 trillion tenge).

Timur Suleimenov reported that since early 2018, 110 new e-commerce entities have been registered. There are 1658 online stores; the number of customers has increased by 5%. The industry employs 71 600 workers.

In order to develop digital financial services, the National Bank developed a draft instant payment system with the possibility of using a mobile phone. The purpose of this system is to provide a convenient and accessible tool for interbank payments using simplified requisites online. The system is scheduled to launch in pilot mode in August 2018.

The project “electronic wallet” was launched in May; its purpose is to pay for mobile services.

Since 2018, for the development of logistics infrastructure, work has begun on the creation of logistics hubs and sorting centers - the Fulfillment Center. The first center was launched in Astana in April this year. Work in this direction continues. It is planned that the number of processed parcels will increase by 20% from 5.148 million to 6 million, the delivery time in Kazakhstan will drop from 15 to 6 days and up to 1 day on certain routes by express mail.

The Ministry of National Economy drafted a bill "On Amendments to Certain Legislative Acts of the Republic of Kazakhstan on Trade Regulation", which aims to systematize the conceptual framework and develop mechanisms for the legal regulation of electronic commerce. Adoption of the bill will allow regulating the relationship between e-commerce entities, improving the protection of the rights of consumers and entrepreneurs.

As part of the improvement of the legislative framework, the new Tax Code defines the terms "online store", "Internet site", "electronic merchandise trade". Also, tax preferences for legal entities and individual entrepreneurs entered into force as per general procedure, regarding the exemption from the payment of CIT and PIT of income received in the electronic commerce sector to 0% for a period of five years. These measures, according to the Minister of National Economy, will help increase the number of e- commerce entities and the registration of new entities, reduce shadow turnover.

“On the whole, the measures taken will make it possible to further develop the sphere of electronic commerce as one of the priority branches of the economy. The share of e-commerce will increase by 2.6% by 2022, up to 200 thousand jobs will be secured,” – T. Suleimenov believes.

As Minister of Information and Communication D. Abayev noted, the development of electronic commerce, financial technologies and non-cash payments are one of the main directions of the Digital Kazakhstan State Program.

The Ministry of Information and Communication, in conjunction with Zerde Holding, the Government for Citizens, the NIT JSC, Kazpost JSC and local executive bodies, developed and coordinated training programs.

As of May 30, there were 37 issues of the Digital Kazakhstan program, 22 issues of the Digital Kazakhstan TV program were devoted to the discussion of the development of e-commerce, digitalization in the sphere of housing and communal services and the construction sector.

As a result of the creation of a modern telecommunications infrastructure, the number of Internet users in 2017 reached 78.8%. By 2021, most of the rural settlements will be covered by broadband Internet.

“Carrying out the above-mentioned measures will significantly affect the development of infocommunication infrastructure, which in turn will create conditions for the development of e-commerce,” – D. Abayev summed up.

In the course of consideration of the issue, reports on measures taken to develop electronic commerce were delivered by Deputy Chairman of the Board of the National Bank Zh. Kurmanov, Chairman of the Board of Kazpost JSC S. Sarsenov, Chairman of the Board of NCE Atameken A. Myrzakhmetov

Akim of the Aktobe region B. Saparbayev and Kyzylorda region K. Kusherbayev reported on the pace of development of online trade in the regions.

Following the consideration of the issue, Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev noted that e-commerce is one of the priorities of the Digital Kazakhstan State Program.

“Today's reports and speeches have clearly demonstrated that the future belongs to e-commerce. Adopting the state program, we planned that 200 thousand new jobs will be created in this sector by 2022. Over five months of this year, 40 000 jobs have already been created. This shows the huge potential of online trading. It is necessary to use the transit potential of the country, to support the Akims, who are trying to develop this sphere,” – B. Sagintayev said.

Control over the issue is assigned to Deputy Prime Minister A. Zhumagaliyev.


Published: 05 June 2018



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