During today’s meeting of the Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan chaired by Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev, Minister of Labor and Social Protection of Population M. Abylkassymova reported on the implementation of the Program for the Development of Productive Employment and Mass Entrepreneurship for 2017-2021.

The Program is aimed at improving the quality and potential of labor resources through obtaining professional skills and qualifications that are in demand on the labor market, the development of mass entrepreneurship, and an effective model of labor intermediation. In the current year, 110.6 billion tenge was allocated for the implementation of the Program, which will allow covering 571 thousand citizens with employment promotion measures.

“In the first half of the year, almost 290 000 unemployed and unproductive self-employed citizens were covered by employment measures or 101% of the plan for the first half of the year. Of them, 243 thousand people were employed, including 158 thousand or 66% on permanent jobs,” – M. Abylkassymova said.

If focusing on the first direction of the program, which provides for mass training in the professions that are in demand on the labor market, it should be noted that since 2017, to receive their first profession, graduates of schools not enrolled in educational institutions are given the opportunity of free technical and vocational training. Thus from September 1, 21 000 young people will start training in colleges.

Meanwhile, 37.2 thousand unemployed and self-employed citizens are to be trained at the premises of colleges and training centers of NCE Atameken in order to obtain the skills that are in demand on the labor market. This this purpose, 7.8 billion tenge was allocated.

“As of July 1, about 30 thousand participants were sent for training, which is 80% of the annual plan,” – the Minister said.

M. Abylkassymova stressed that the key indicator of the Program is employment after completion of training. Thus, in total, 4700 people have been employed of those who have completed short-term vocational training.

“Today, the most popular professions on the labor market, for which the program participants were trained, are technical specialties, service industries, hotel business and catering,” – M. Abylkassymova said.

At the same time, the second direction of the Program is aimed at the development of mass entrepreneurship.

“On behalf of the Head of State, within the framework of the Fourth Social Initiative to expand the microcredit program in 2018, the volume of financing of the microcredit program has been increased by 20 billion tenge and is 62.6 billion tenge. For lending in rural areas, 45.3 billion tenge will be allocated or 72% of the total allocated amount of funds, in cities – 17.3 billion tenge or 28%,” – the Minister said.

Since the beginning of the year, 3027 microloans have been issued, including 1567 microloans for supporting start-up projects, 74 microloans for the development of a new line of anchor cooperation, and 476 microloans for the expansion of private business. In total, during the year, it is expected to cover more than 14 thousand people with microloans.

The average size of microloans in rural areas is 3.6 million tenge, and in cities 11 million tenge. In general, 1808 workplaces were additionally created by microcredit recipients.

In addition, with regards to the Bastau-Business project, in 2018, 30 000 citizens are planned to be trained in business, with 2.4 billion tenge allocated for this purpose.

Within the framework of the third direction of the Program, state support measures are provided to secure employment of socially vulnerable groups of the population and ensure mobility of labor resources. According to M. Abylkassymova, in accordance with the plan for 2018, 91.3 thousand people will be employed through social workplaces and public works, the fulfillment as of July 1 is 78% of the annual plan or 71.2 thousand people.

In addition, 2288 families (9.1 thousand people) from the surplus southern regions are planned to be resettled in the northern regions of the country in 2018, which is twice as much as last year.

Since this year, in case of simultaneous employment of at least 5 people, employers are provided with additional subsidies of 450 MCI (1082 million tenge).

“As of July 1, 412 families or 1607 people were moved from the surplus southern regions, including 741 people of working age. Of these, 350 people have already been employed. Places in schools and kindergartens were provided to 1341 children, 68 graduates entered colleges and universities,” – the Minister informed.

Also, since this year all state employment centers fully provide professional guidance and support to all applicants in the selection of suitable work. Since the second half of 2018, the process of outsourcing state services to private employment agencies to promote employment is being introduced.

“Taking into account the requirements of the digital economy, new demands will be placed on the skills and competencies of the workforce. In this regard, it is necessary to adapt labor resources to the needs of the new economy. To address these issues, the Ministry is working to modernize and prepare the labor market for new challenges. In this regard, we are proposing to introduce comprehensive changes to the Program to improve the effectiveness of its existing instruments and complement them with new measures,” – M. Abylkassymova said.

In connection with the increase in the number of school leavers, it is proposed to increase the quota in the framework of vocational training to obtain the first qualification, it is also necessary to revise the approaches to short-term vocational training, focusing on employment.

“Implementation of the proposed changes and additions to the Program will make it possible to increase the effectiveness of the provided state support measures and ensure the achievement of the main goal of creating high-performance jobs,” – the Minister summed up.


Published: 10 July 2018



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