Today in Ukimet Uyi, Prime Minister of the Republic of Kazakhstan Bakytzhan Sagintayev chaired a meeting on the development of the technical and vocational education system.

During the meeting, the main aspects of the development and prospects of technical and vocational education in Kazakhstan were considered. In particular, the discussion covered issues of improving the quality of personnel training, expanding dual education, profilisation, development of the educational and material base, providing industrialization projects with labor resources, establishing a Fund for TVE Development and Competence Centers, as well as attracting foreign investors to training personnel.

According to the Ministry of Education and Science of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the TVE system faces a number of challenges that require immediate action. The entire training system is being transformed in accordance with the requirements of Industry 4.0 and taking into account the social orientation of TVE. Today, a fundamentally new TVE model is being formed, the main tasks of which are defined by the State Program for the Development of Education until 2020 and the Program for Productive Employment and Mass Entrepreneurship.

“Over the past two years, we have translated 500 key foreign textbooks required for the TVE system. They will be the basis for the teaching of special disciplines. About 10 000 teachers and masters have been trained in new content, 5200 to be trained this year, and the last group of 5200 will be in 2019. That is, by and large we will provide colleges with new programs and teachers, who understand them, and basic textbooks. To update the content based on WorldSkills requirements for all 246 specialties, modular programs have been developed, the contents of the programs and the expected competencies are coordinated with employers. Now we need to actively implement all this,” –Minister of Education and Science Y. Sagadiyev reported.

According to the Minister of Education and Science, to provide industrialization projects with human resources, a Training Map has been developed. Thus, in the 8 major projects of the mining and metallurgical industry, the expected demand for workers in the number of 3411 people is covered by training personnel in 15 colleges, from which 4535 people are expected to graduate.

As Y. Sagadiyev noted, in order to expand dual training, Atameken will continue involving college students in professional practice through assigning a mentor from an enterprise. In addition, it is proposed to involve Kazakhstani and foreign investors in the training of personnel through the creation of a Fund for the Support of the Development of TVE. Examples of such funds are available in a number of countries. The Fund is to be maintained at the expense of Kazakh and foreign companies.

Minister of Labor and Social Protection of Population M. Abylkassymova reported on the creation of the National System for Forecasting Staffing Needs.

To date, three basic models of forecasting have been built: demographic (up to 2050), medium-term forecast for 5 years, and expected short-term demand for labor resources for the coming year.

The demographic forecast is calculated on the basis of information on current and retrospective indicators and in terms of the approaches used is similar to that used in the world.

The medium-term forecast is based on data on the current occupational structure of employment, as well as forecasts of socio-economic development of regions and industries.

The short-term forecast is based on annual surveys of employers. Thus, last year more than 10 thousand enterprises and organizations were involved in the survey with the assistance of local executive bodies.

“With regards to the long-term forecast period under the baseline scenario, by 2030 the population of Kazakhstan is expected to grow to 20.8 million people, and by 2050 - up to 25.8 million people, or 43% more than previous year. The number of people of working age will be 15.1 million in 2050, compared to 10.9 million in 2017. The number of people ready for work, that is, the workforce, is expected to reach 11.3 million people by 2050, which is 26% higher than the same indicator in 2017,” –Minister M. Abylkassymova said.

Minister of Investment and Development Zh. Kassymbek reported on the preparation of personnel for Industry 4.0.

According to him, the presence of human resources is an important factor for the implementation of elements of Industry 4.0. This refers to a skilled workforce, in particular, in the field of engineering, computer science, as well as production technologies at all skill levels. Industry 4.0 has a significant impact on the characteristics of labor in the industrial sector. Due to the fact that Industry 4.0 requires fundamentally new skills among employees, some jobs disappear over time (production and service) and new professions appear (ICT specialties: data management, data security, software development, data analysis, etc.). Monotonous, routine and hazardous human labor is replaced by industrial robots, whose work should be coordinated by specialists - robotics specialists and coordinators of industrial robots.

Deputy Chairman of the Board of NCE Atameken E. Zhumagaziyev told about effective tools for the development of technical and vocational education.

Akims of Kyzylorda region K. Kusherbayev and Pavlodar region B. Bakauov also reported on the situation in their regions via video-call.

Representatives of the Kazakhstan Foreign Investors Council Association (KFICA) also shared their recommendations and proposals. Among them were Chairman of the Board of KFICA, Director of the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development in the Republic of Kazakhstan A. Preimanis, Co-Chairman of the FIC working group on the implementation of the investment policy from the foreign side, Managing Partner for Kazakhstan and Central Asia of the company "EY" E. Dossymbekov, President of ENI in the Central Asian region V. Luki, Director of the representative office of UC RUSAL Kazakhstan V. Smirnov and others.

Summing up the meeting, Prime Minister Bakytzhan Sagintayev noted that the Head of State Nursultan Nazarbayev in his Address set the task of ensuring the implementation of the Third Modernization of Kazakhstan. It is necessary to take all necessary measures for a timely and gradual transition to a new model of economic growth.

“This is a huge task, if we do not prepare for this, naturally, we will not advance and remain at the same level. Modernization passes very quickly, so we need to prepare workers in advance. Today, there is one technology, and in two years will come another technology. We need to equip colleges together; an exemplary college should function in every region, so that its know-how and experience is applied to the rest. It is very important that the invited teachers share their experience and the necessary qualifications with local teachers. In all areas, work needs to be developed,” – the Prime Minister said.

B. Sagintayev instructed the Ministries together with Akimats and investors to create the appropriate Roadmap.

Published: 24 August 2018



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