Thursday, 20 August 2020, 20:29:10
Karaganda region is a dynamically developing industrial region. Despite the quarantine measures, the region maintains an economic growth trend. For 7 months of 2020, industrial production in the region increased by 3.4% over the same period last year. In terms of investments, Karaganda region is one of the four best regions of the country. Read more about the socio-economic development of the Karaganda region in the review.
The Akimat of the Karaganda region notes that following the results of 7 months of 2020, there is a positive trend in all major socio-economic indicators.
The growth in terms of gross regional product in the first quarter of 2020 amounted to 104%.
The short-term economic indicator, including the dynamics of the development of 6 key sectors (industry, agriculture, construction, trade, transport, communications), amounted to 100.9% at the end of 7 months of this year.
In January-July 2020, industrial production amounted to 1,595.6 billion tenge. In the mining industry and quarrying, the physical volume index amounted to 104.2% or 206.4 billion tenge due to the growth of coal production — by 1%, iron ore — by 3.7%, other minerals — by 50.2%.
In the manufacturing industry, the volume of production amounted to 1,250 billion tenge, the index of physical volume — 103.9%.
There was an increase in nonferrous metallurgy by 8.9%, ferrous metallurgy — by 0.3%, in pharmaceuticals — by 3.4 times, in the production of rubber and plastic products — by 5.4%, food products — by 18.5%, chemical industry — by 24.9%.
The growth in gross agricultural output amounted to 3.1% compared to January-July 2019 or 127.4 billion tenge due to an increase in livestock production by 3.5%.
At the end of the year, a 40% growth is forecasted in housing construction. Following the results of 7 months, the volume of construction work amounted to 187.1 billion tenge. The construction of 237.3 thousand square meters of housing has been completed.
The volume of investments in fixed assets was formed at the level of 373.2 billion tenge.
Revenues from taxes and other mandatory payments to the state budget amounted to 191.4 billion tenge, including the republican — 76.7 billion tenge, local — 114.7 billion tenge. The number of operating small and medium-sized businesses amounted to 88,541 units or 100.9% against January-July 2019.
The average monthly salary for the II quarter of 2020 amounted to 200,625 tenge, which is 18.6% higher than the same level of 2019. The real wage index is 111.5%.
Measures to restore economic activity
In order to take measures to restore economic growth in the region, an anti-crisis plan has been developed and is being implemented for a prompt response and maintaining a stable socio-economic situation in the Karaganda region for 2020-2022. In June of this year, it was updated taking into account the Republican Comprehensive Plan for Restoring Economic Growth by the End of 2020.
Additionally, 11 events are included, including:
- Formation of a draft list of agricultural producers to cover preferential microcrediting at a rate of 6% per annum through JSC NMH KazAgro using the guarantee instruments of JSC FRP Damu;
- Analyzing and submitting proposals to ensure the stability of investment legislation for strategic projects;
- Elaboration of the issue of selection of large investment projects with the definition of targeted measures of state support for each investor. Development of individual plans for each project;
- Development of infrastructure in the framework of ensuring managed urbanization: outskirts of large cities; mono- and small towns;
- Carrying out an analysis for making proposals on the possibility of using part of the funds provided for financing the Employment Roadmap for 2020-2021 for other forms of productive employment and business activity, including for lending to small businesses;
- Ensuring the effective implementation of the Employment Roadmap for 2020-2021, focused on the creation of jobs, including permanent jobs, as well as the creation of long-term economic assets and facilities that contribute to improving the quality of life of the population (schools, hospitals, housing and communal services, engineering and transport infrastructure, etc.);
- Improving IT competencies of teachers of educational organizations;
- Development of mechanisms and methods for teaching children and students remotely using modern remote technologies. Completion of real digitalization of all educational institutions of the country;
- Ensuring an increase in the state educational order from local budgets for the training of personnel with technical and vocational education;
- Provision with thermal imagers of places of mass visits of the population (educational organizations, health care organizations, auto and railway stations, airports, etc.);
- Analysis and submission of proposals for revising the requirements and procedures for administration, established threshold and ceiling prices for agricultural production.
In order to ensure economic growth, work in industries is focused on the implementation of such areas as industry, small and medium-sized businesses, trade, transport, investment.
The positive dynamics in the industry was ensured by the growth of the mining industry by 4.2% and the manufacturing industry by 3.9%.
As for the operation of the backbone enterprises, in the context of falling prices for metals and reducing market needs associated with quarantine measures, the enterprises of the region operate stably.
On the basis of the former RTI plant in Saran, together with the transnational Chinese company Yutong, a project has been launched to produce buses and special equipment of the Yutong brand with the creation of 1,000 jobs. The corresponding agreement was signed during the visit to the region in May 2020 by Prime Minister Askar Mamin. The total investment amounted to 22 billion tenge. It is planned to produce annually 1,200 buses and 400 pieces of special equipment and special vehicles.
In an interview with PrimeMinister.kz, Deputy Director for Administrative Issues of QazTechna LLP Yermek Omarov noted that the plant will produce diesel, gas and electric buses.
The second project at this site is the production of automobile tires with the creation of 1,000 jobs.
By the end of the year, it is planned to support with financial measures about 2,500 (2,449) business projects with the creation of 8 thousand jobs under the state programs Business Roadmap-2025, Enbek, The Economy of Simple Things and preferential lending to SMEs (at 8%).
It is planned to cover about 2 thousand entrepreneurs with non-financial measures. Classes on Bastau-Business began remotely from June 10.
Within the framework of the Economy of Simple Things program, 80 projects are planned to be implemented at the site of the Chamber of Entrepreneurs.
In order to ensure employment in the region, within the framework of the Employment Roadmap for 2020-2021, it is planned to implement 627 projects for 64.7 billion tenge, with the creation of 16.1 thousand jobs.
Already today, about 13 thousand jobs have been created on the infrastructure projects being implemented, including 5,157 through Employment Centers. In total, within the framework of all state programs, it is planned to create 30,813 new jobs. On Aug. 1, 2020, 22,340 jobs or 73% were created.
In the agro-industrial complex, the main direction is to attract investments in agriculture with an increase of 9.1% by 2019, the plan for the current year is determined at least 21.1 billion tenge through the implementation of 31 investment projects. This year, 23 projects (295 jobs) are expected to be commissioned for 3.4 billion tenge.
The impact of the pandemic on the region's economy
In general, the region's economy, despite the global crisis and market volatility, is developing with positive dynamics.
Selected industries facing recession are the trade and transport sectors. Forced restrictions in the pandemic affected their development.
As for the opening of new industries, the coronavirus pandemic forced Karaganda entrepreneurs to introduce new services literally on the go.
So, for example, online commerce, online services for the delivery of food and goods, and logistics have become a trend in the service sector. In addition, online education, sports and healthcare are gaining traction.
Currently, entrepreneurs of the region are showing a creative approach, finding niches for earning money and adapting to new conditions.
For example, many sewing workshops began to produce masks, someone switched to the production of disinfectants.
We can say that in these conditions new business opportunities are opening up — this is the use of IT technologies, the development of new smart applications, the search for new market segments available to consumers in the current environment.
Agriculture is dynamically developing in the region
As noted in the regional akimat, the volume of gross agricultural production increases annually. In 2019, the volume amounted to 337.9 billion tenge or 121.7% to the level of 2018.
The growth in livestock production was: meat — by 4.8%, milk — by 2.1%, eggs — by 2.9%. The growth in crop production was: potatoes — by 6.6%, vegetables — by 3.6%, grain — 826.2 thousand tons.
At the end of January-July 2020, the volume of gross agricultural output amounted to 127.4 billion tenge.
For 2020, it is planned to increase the export of processed products by 7%, up to 160.9 thousand tons in the amount of $49.9 million. The export of processed products is planned by increasing the volume of flour, margarine and pasta.
For 5 months of 2020, 63,176.5 tons of agricultural products were exported in the amount of $18,154.6 thousand. Flour was exported in the amount of 37,405.6 tons, potatoes — 10,909.8 tons, margarine — 4,531.4 tons and wheat — 3,609 tons.
In 2020, a total of 917.4 thousand hectares of grain and leguminous crops were sown, oilseeds — 24.4 thousand hectares, vegetables — 1,630 hectares, potatoes — 10,666 hectares, fodder crops — 63.7 thousand hectares.
In 2020, state support for agricultural producers will amount to 21.1 billion tenge, in the crop sector — 2.8 billion tenge, livestock — 5.5 billion tenge, investment subsidies, processing and other areas — 12.8 billion tenge.
In January-July 2020, state support measures were provided in the amount of 10,733.2 million tenge, subsidies were received by 3,725 agricultural producers, including by industry:
- Subsidies for the crop growing industry — 2,109 million tenge.
- Reimbursement of part of the costs incurred by the subject of the agro-industrial complex, with investments — 3,695 million tenge (968 agricultural enterprises).
- Subsidizing animal husbandry — 3,424 million tenge (1683 agricultural enterprises).
- Subsidizing the procurement organizations in the agricultural sector of the amount of VAT paid to the budget within — 51.7 million tenge (1 agricultural production enterprise).
- Subsidizing the interest rate on credit and leasing obligations in the framework of the direction of financial rehabilitation of subjects of the agro-industrial complex — 55.8 million tenge (4 agricultural enterprises).
- Subsidizing interest rates for lending — 1,320 million tenge (651 agricultural producers).
- Subsidizing the costs of processing enterprises for the purchase of agricultural products for the production of products of its deep processing in the field of animal husbandry — 77.7 million tenge (4 agricultural producers).
Light industry enterprises provided with a sufficient number of orders
According to the results of 7 months of this year, the volume of industrial production amounted to more than 1.6 trillion tenge. The main industrial production of the region is concentrated in the manufacturing sector.
To date, about 87 large and medium-sized enterprises are engaged in the production of industrial products in the Karaganda region. More than 90 thousand people are employed in industry.
Light industry occupies 0.2% of the total manufacturing industry. The light industry works in three directions: the production of clothes with a share of 75% of the total volume (mainly uniforms and special work clothes), leather goods 12% (shoes) and textiles 13% (bed linen, table linen).
Today, with an increase compared to last year, the production of textiles and leather goods. The main reason for the decline in the industry is a decrease in the production of work clothes (by 36%) and hosiery (by 11.8%). One of the main enterprises in this area is the Temirtau sewing factory of Temirtau Associates LLP.
During the quarantine period, in order to increase the volume of sewing masks at the beginning of April 2020, the production of overalls was suspended for a month and a half. Workwear sewing resumed in mid-May. And also due to the unfavorable sanitary and epidemiological situation in May 2020, production in the hosiery shop was suspended for two weeks. This situation is the main reason for the decline in volumes compared to the last year.
Today the enterprise is operating normally.
In general, light industry enterprises are provided with a sufficient number of orders to further improve the situation in the industry. The plan for 2020 is 5.5 billion tenge.
Today in the territory of the Karaganda region there are about 150 manufacturers of building materials (of which 92% are small enterprises).
The region has production facilities for such commodity items as cement, reinforced concrete products, metal-plastic products, sinks, radiators, rolled sections (fittings), metal and plastic pipes, natural sands, crushed stone, dry construction mixtures, etc.
The main enterprises of this industry are: JSC Karcement, Central Asia Cement JSC, Karaganda Metal Structures Plant-Imstalkon LLP, Santekhprom LLP, KKK Beton LLP, etc.
For the development of this industry from the beginning of the implementation of the State Program of Industrial and Innovative Development within the framework of the Industrialization Map, 13 projects were launched, about 25 billion tenge were invested, more than a thousand new jobs were created.
The share of food production in the structure of the manufacturing industry of the Karaganda region is 6.7% and is represented by the production of fat and oil products, flour milling and production of bakery, pasta and flour confectionery products.
The main export-oriented countries are Uzbekistan, Afghanistan, and Kyrgyzstan. For 5 months of this year, 26,191.1 tons of agricultural products were exported to Uzbekistan, of which 7,690.9 tons of flour, 3,049 tons of wheat, to Afghanistan — 15,817.7 tons, 15,596.8 tons of flour, to Kyrgyzstan — 14,407.2 tons, of which 11,066.2 tons of flour, 2,064.8 tons of margarine.
Large regional enterprises in the food industry: Eurasian Foods JSC (margarine production), Karaganda Melkombinat LLP (flour production), Mutlu LLP (flour production), BEST Mill LLP (flour production), Atameken LLP Company (flour production), Akzhayik 2011 LLP (flour production), Karagandy-Nan Corporation LLP (production of bakery products).
Mechanical engineering occupies 6.8% of the total manufacturing industry. At the end of 7 months of 2020, the IFO amounted to 95.5%, the volume of production — 84.9 billion tenge (January-June 2019, 79.5 billion tenge). The main share — 75% — of mechanical engineering is services for the repair of machinery and equipment.
Enterprises of this industry: Kazakhmys Maintenance Services LLP, IP Borusan Makina Kazakhstan LLP, Krylysmet LLP, Maker LLP.
In January-July, the volume of repair services increased by 16.2%.
Support of regional projects
The region has a Regional Project Office for monitoring the implementation of the Program of Concessional Lending for Priority Projects, which includes the deputy akim, heads of regional departments, KF JSC Damu and the Chamber of Entrepreneurs. The analysis of products manufactured in the region, as well as existing enterprises that could potentially participate in the program. Based on the results of the analysis, a list was compiled, which included more than 2,800 companies in such industries as the agro-industrial complex, food production, light, furniture industry, etc.
Currently, 216 enterprises of potential participants in the program have been identified for the amount of more than 134.9 billion tenge: 160 projects were approved for 23.4 billion tenge, including 123 projects were financed for 8.3 billion tenge, 114 contracts were concluded for 1.3 billion tenge, 12 projects under consideration for the amount of 3 billion tenge, at the idea stage 44 projects for 108.5 billion tenge.
In the manufacturing industry, in 2020, 10 projects were supported for 4.5 billion tenge (this is the production of building plastic products, rubber products, precast concrete and concrete structures, the furniture industry, the production of steel ingots or other primary forms, building steel structures, the production of plastic packaging for goods, paper products for household and sanitary and hygienic purposes).
79 projects worth 4.9 billion tenge in the field of processing (production of meat products, production of flour, cheese) and production in the agro-industrial complex (breeding of cattle, small cattle, horses, growing legumes, wheat, barley).
In the service sector, 2 projects were supported for 0.5 billion tenge (preschool education and health care). In just 2 years of implementation of the Economy of Simple Things program, 1,925 jobs were created.
The volume of investments has grown by 8.3% in six months of 2020
Over the past two years, there has been a significant growth in investments in fixed assets in the region. 2019 was a record year in attracting investments for all the years of independence, the volume of investments almost doubled the level of 2018 and amounted to 811 billion tenge. The growth was almost 170%. A large role was played by a new republican project — the construction of the Saryarka gas pipeline. There is no such large project in 2020, but the pace has been preserved — the region is almost at the level of last year. First of all, due to investments in industry, which increased in relation to last year. Investments in the SME sector have grown. Investment in road infrastructure has increased significantly.
At the end of the first half of this year, the volume of investments amounted to 306.6 billion tenge with an increase of 8.3% compared to the corresponding period of 2019. The main share falls on private investments — 86%, these are large investment projects that are being implemented in the Karaganda region. The volume of foreign investment amounted to 110 billion tenge, the share is 36%. The bulk of investments, or 68%, is concentrated in industry.
Following the results of seven months of this year, the volume of investments amounted to 373.2 billion tenge. In general, today, 44 new investment projects are being implemented in the region worth more than 2 trillion tenge, with the creation of more than 13 thousand jobs, of which 19 are projects with foreign capital.
This year, 14 projects will be launched for 193.2 billion tenge with the creation of more than 3.5 thousand jobs. Five projects have already been launched with a total cost of 115.6 billion tenge. These are the Altynalmas gold recovery plant, a plant for the production of industrial gases, a solar power plant in Agadyr settlement, the Global City wholesale and logistics center, and the first stage of a plant for the production of brass products.
At the end of the year, the volume of investments is planned at the level of 830 billion tenge or 102.3% to the level of 2019. To attract investment in the region, a systematic work with investors has been built.
- A regulation has been developed to support investment projects.
- The business service center operates on the principle of “one window”.
- Show Room for investors was created. Now all meetings with investors are held there, and not in the akimat. If necessary, Show Room becomes a working office for them.
- The organization in the field of attracting investments, represented by SEC Saryarka, was determined. The structural unit of the SEC provides information support for investors, promotes the investment image of the region.
- There is a specialized investment portal of the Karaganda region that meets all modern requirements (information is available in Russian and English).
For example, thanks to the accelerated work on the preparation of an investment contract, the allocation of land, technical conditions, literally in one year, foreign investors built 4 solar stations, with a total capacity of about 200 MW, with investments of 63 billion tenge, 90 new jobs. As a result, in recent years the inflow of investments into the region has been constantly growing.
In the first quarter of this year, the volume of production of SMEs amounted to 291.1 billion tenge
This year, due to the introduction of a state of emergency in the country against the background of the coronavirus infection pandemic, in March-April of this year there was a decrease in the number of operating SMEs. However, already in May, as the state of emergency ended, the business began to recover. As of August 1 of this year, 88.5 thousand SMEs operate in the region with an increase of 0.9% compared to the same period last year.
As of April 1, 2020, the number of people employed in small and medium-sized businesses increased by 0.6% compared to the same period in 2019 and amounted to 228 thousand people. The share of those employed in SMEs in relation to the economically active population of the region was 33.7%.
In the Karaganda region, with the participation of the Regional Chamber of Entrepreneurs, headquarters for business assistance have been opened, where entrepreneurs can receive prompt advice and assistance on various issues arising from the current restrictions in the state of emergency. The call-center is working. A working group has been created with the participation of the regional chamber of entrepreneurs, personal meetings are being held with the owners of large shopping centers, trading houses, within the framework of which issues are discussed to develop uniform measures to reduce the load.
During the quarantine, deferral of tax payments was provided to more than 30 thousand SMEs
To date, work has been carried out with 86 shopping centers. Tenants and landlords, with the assistance of the Regional Chamber of Entrepreneurs, find a common understanding and tenants are granted either a full exemption of up to 50% of the rental price, or a recalculation taking into account working hours.
The issue of reducing the size of the rent, granting a deferral for the lease of retail space in the markets and retail space of the shopping and entertainment center is under constant control. A deferral of tax payments during the period of quarantine measures in the Karaganda region was presented to more than 30 thousand SMEs in the amount of 23.3 billion tenge.
Anti-crisis measures taken by the Government have become a significant support for business. A new program of concessional lending was launched to support small and medium-sized businesses at 8%, which worsened their financial condition as a result of the introduction of the state of emergency. Today 111 entrepreneurs of the region have used this support.
Also, work is underway with second-tier banks to suspend payments of principal and remuneration for all loans to SMEs affected by the current negative situation. As of August 11 of this year, banks provided a total of 256 clients with deferrals for loans, principal and interest.
Under 717 commercial lease agreements, the accrual for rent of real estate owned by local executive bodies and the quasi-public sector for 58 million tenge was suspended.
During the quarantine period, social payments were assigned to 118,853 residents of the region.
In connection with the adoption of strict quarantine measures, one-time social payments were resumed in case of loss of income.
The work of 18 district (city) headquarters is being carried out, they consider applications. As of Aug. 12, 2020, 130,307 people applied in the region, of which 43,612 were in a proactive format, and 28,705 applications were received by the headquarters. Social payments were assigned to 118,853 people in the amount of 5 billion tenge. Out of 28,705 applications received by the headquarters, 19,280 applications were approved, 9 289 applications were refused.
Under Nurly Zher, over 237 thousand m2 of housing were commissioned for 7 months of 2020
This year, at the expense of the republican and local budgets, 8.6 billion tenge was allocated for the implementation of 31 projects. By the end of the year, it is planned to build and put into operation 1,059 apartments of rental housing without the right to purchase for socially vulnerable groups, those on the waiting list for local authorities.
Social credit housing
In the current year, due to the issue of government securities, 10.2 billion tenge was allocated for the implementation of 18 projects. By the end of the year, it is planned to build and put into operation 926 apartments of credit housing without the right of purchase for socially vulnerable groups, those on the waiting list of local authorities.
Construction of engineering and communication infrastructure
In 2020, funds in the amount of 4.9 billion tenge were allocated for the construction of 48 objects of engineering and communication infrastructure. As a result of the implementation of these projects, engineering infrastructure will be provided to more than 1,700 land plots for individual construction, as well as multi-apartment residential buildings.
Since 2018, since the start of the 7-20-25 program in the region, the population has sent 1,537 applications for the purchase of housing in the primary market. As of Aug. 6, 887 applications for the amount of 9.6 billion tenge were approved.
This year, within the framework of the Nurly Zhol State Program for Infrastructure Development, 36 projects with a total length of 1,130 km of public roads with a budget of 119 billion tenge are being implemented in the region.
Repairs covered 32 highways with a total length of 553 km
The repair covered 250 rural settlements in all districts of the region. Four infrastructure projects are being implemented on the highways of republican significance within the framework of the Center-South transport corridor: Temirtau-Karaganda sections 14 km, Northern and Eastern bypass of Karaganda city 48 km, Karaganda-Balkhash and Balkhash-Burylbaital 150 km with a total length of 576 km.
On the sections Temirtau-Karaganda, Northern and Eastern bypasses of Karaganda, the passage of vehicles is provided. By the end of the road construction season, it is planned to complete the improvement and furnishing of roads. In August, work will be completed at 9 transport interchanges.
On the projects Karaganda-Balkhash, Balkhash-Burylbaital, financed by borrowed funds from international banks, work has been underway since 2019, construction work is being carried out according to schedules.
In general, due to the implementation of the Nurly Zhol state program, the regional economy will receive a significant socio-economic effect, the state of the transport infrastructure will improve, and the throughput capacity of republican and local highways will increase. The planned indicators and activities will be implemented in full.
Enbek program to cover more than 43 thousand people.
Within the framework of the Enbek program, 522 microcredits have already been issued in the amount of 2,374.5 million tenge, including in cities — 45 (521.1 million tenge), villages — 477 (1,853.4 million tenge). More than 600 microcredits are planned to be issued by the end of the year.
In the cities, most of the business projects are aimed at the development of the service sector and trade, in the villages — at the development of animal husbandry and crop production. As a result, 3,160 jobs were created.
As of Aug. 1 of this year, more than 23 thousand people took part in the Program.
546 people, or 94% of the plan, were sent to short-term vocational training at the request of employers and qualifications and skills in demand on the labor market as of Aug. 1, 2019. 2409 or 134% of the plan were directed to training in the basics of entrepreneurship Bastau-Business. Training is conducted online. 498 microcredits or 46% of the annual plan were issued, including: village - 386, city - 40 microcredits, also 72 microcredits were issued at the expense of early repaid funds.
To date, 584 government grants have been issued for the implementation of new business ideas. 638 people were sent to social jobs. For youth practice — 944 people, public works — 5,904 people. As part of anti-crisis measures, an additional 1.5 billion tenge was allocated for the implementation of this Program, which will cover another 4,348 people.
Within the framework of all state programs in the region it is planned to create more than 30 thousand new jobs
The state programs Business Road Map-2025, Economy of Simple Things, Enbek and regional programs of business support are being implemented in the region. This year, 1,500 entrepreneurs have already taken advantage of business support measures. In general, through the implementation of business support programs, it is planned to create 8 thousand jobs.
2,771 people were employed in permanent jobs in 7 months of 2020. As a result of an active labor market policy, there is a decrease in the unemployment rate by 0.1 percentage points compared to the first quarter of 2019.
In order to ensure employment in the region, within the framework of the Employment Roadmap for 2020-2021, it is planned to implement 627 projects for 64.7 billion tenge, with the creation of 16.1 thousand jobs. Already today, 12,905 thousand jobs have been created on the infrastructure projects being implemented. In total, within the framework of all state programs, it is planned to create 30,813 new jobs. To date, 22,340 jobs have been created.
Work on digitalization of the region is carried out in 11 areas
In the healthcare sector, all medical organizations work in a single information field based on the regional Integrated Medical Information System. A mobile application DamuMed has been developed, which is actively used by more than 400 thousand residents of the region.
To date, more than 1.3 million electronic health passports have been generated, which is 94% of the region's population. The queues and repeated visits of patients to medical institutions have decreased. For the convenience of citizens, a patient's personal account has been developed, in which, just like in the mobile application, it is possible to make an appointment, call a doctor at home, view the results of laboratory tests, etc. The functionality of checking the availability of drugs in pharmacies with an indication of prices and contact details of pharmacies. Also, the mobile application provides video consultations, this service is especially relevant in emergency and quarantine.
A single complex of information systems “BilimAl” operates in education; 100% of schools in the region are connected to this system. In 538 (100%) preschool organizations of the region, a system of automation of application submission and queuing to kindergartens has been introduced. To date, the system for admission and admission to grade 1 has been automated in all 507 schools of the region. School and vocational institutions enrollment are carried out online through the e-government portal Egov.kz.
In the area of housing and communal services, the level of equipping with electricity metering devices (automated system for commercial metering of electricity) is 94.4%. The level of equipment with automatic heating points with the ability to transmit device data is 6.8%. The equipment of common house heat energy meters is 86.9%.
In the social sphere, in 5 schools of the regional center, a project has been implemented to introduce a social ID card. For schoolchildren, about 3 thousand (2,948) such cards were made. Within the framework of the project, in schools, payment for meals is made using a social ID card.
In the field of public transport, at the expense of private funds in the regional center, a system of electronic maintenance and electronic dispatching is being introduced.
In the field of ecology, digital environmental monitoring began last year, within the framework of which 10 gas analyzers were installed in the cities of Karaganda, Temirtau, Zhezkazgan, Balkhash. It is planned to install 20 more sensors this year.
In the field of security, in 6 districts of the region, a PPP project for creating a hardware and software complex "Safe City’’ in the Karaganda region is being implemented.
In the construction sector, more than 51% of all engineering communications in the region have been digitized.
By September 2020, provision of schools with video surveillance systems will be brought to 100%
The education system in the region is developing at a stable pace, the main indicators of the State Program for the Development of Education and Science are being fulfilled. The instruction of the Head of State on 100% coverage of preschool education and training for children from 3 to 6 years old has been practically fulfilled. The coverage increased due to the expansion of the network of preschool organizations, including private ones. In 2020, the cost per child has been brought up to per capita funding standards. The coverage of children from 1 to 6 years old was 84.4%.
In secondary education, a transition has been made to the updated content of students in grades 1-10. A criterial system for assessing educational achievements of students has been introduced. Introduced a 5-day training week. Almost 85% of teachers have completed the updated curriculum.
In the region, the implementation of the republican road map EL UMITI has begun, aimed at identifying and supporting talented children. The only international robotics festival "Roboland" in the republic is held annually in Karaganda. The festival is attended not only by representatives of all regions of Kazakhstan, but also from near and far abroad.
Ensuring the safety of children is under special control. To date, video surveillance cameras are installed in 95% of educational institutions, by September the provision of video surveillance systems will be brought to 100%.
Within the framework of the project "Free Vocational Education,’’ 8 thousand places were allocated from the local budget, and 700 places were allocated under the program for the development of productive employment and mass entrepreneurship. With the assistance of employers, an initiative is being actively implemented to develop new skills through the implementation of WorldSkills standards. The result of this interaction was the creation of nine competence centers for the development of professional skills, of which two are interregional, focused on the mining and construction industries.
The construction of 15 educational facilities is underway, including 7 schools, 2 kindergartens, 2 palaces for schoolchildren, 3 annexes to schools. This year it is planned to commission 9 objects. Out of 7 schools, three schools are being built to replace emergency ones, and four schools are being built to solve the problem of a shortage of places. As a result, the share of emergency schools will decrease from 0.5 to 0.3%, of schools with three shifts — from 0.5 to 0.1%.
17.3 billion tenge allocated for repair of schools
Work on preparation for the new 2020-2021 academic year is carried out in three areas:
- organization of the educational process in the pandemic;
- provision of textbooks and teaching aids;
- carrying out repair work.
From Sep. 1, it is planned to study in a distance format in 312 schools of the region. 193 small rural schools will be trained as usual. This year, 2.4 billion tenge was allocated for the purchase of textbooks. The shipment and delivery of textbooks is proceeding according to the publishing house's schedules from July 20. The shipment of textbooks is monitored daily.
Repair work is underway at 413 educational facilities. 17.3 billion tenge was allocated for these purposes. Overhaul is underway in 100 schools, 9 regional organizations and 15 kindergartens. 70 of them are in rural areas. To date, all work is being carried out according to the schedule; repairs have been completed at 129 facilities.
According to the parents, it is planned to train 4,572 duty classes on a regular basis with coverage of 54,478 primary school students. Classes will be conducted by 3,113 primary school teachers, of which 1,351 teachers will teach in 2 duty classes.
How is the issue of supplying computers solved?
For the organization of distance learning, work is being carried out to provide computers and the Internet. The provision of computer equipment is planned to be solved by providing students and teachers with school equipment for temporary use. First of all, children from socially vulnerable groups of the population will be provided. There are 28,058 children of this category in the region.
To this end, work is underway to update the computer park of schools in the region. Today, the computer park is 35 334 units, of which 28 412 computers, 5 461 laptops, 1671 tablets.
Since the beginning of the year, 3,777 units of computer equipment have been purchased. 643 million tenge was allocated for these purposes. Before the start of the academic year, it is planned to additionally purchase 5,043 pieces from the budget, including 3,159 computers, 368 laptops, 41 tablets for 749 million tenge, of which 4,194 pieces from the general education fund for 584.7 million tenge. In addition, 977 laptops are being purchased using sponsorship funds.
Epidemiological situation in the region during the KVI pandemic
Vice Minister of Healthcare Lyudmila Byurabekova spoke in general about the development of the pharmaceutical industry in the country. According to her, a monthly supply of medicines has been formed in the hospitals of the republic, including for outpatient drug provision. A two-month reserve is being formed in case of the second wave of coronavirus infection.
In the Karaganda region, the number of beds for the treatment of CVI was deployed gradually, taking into account the epidemiological situation. Currently, 4,427 beds are deployed in 64 objects. Non-medical facilities were involved, such as hotels, hostels of universities and colleges, sanatoriums, business centers.
During the quarantine, hospitalization was carried out on urgent grounds, except for planned hospitalization for patients with malignant neoplasms, hematological, neurosurgical patients who cannot be interrupted by treatment. Hospitalization of patients was carried out in compliance with all anti-epidemic measures in separate filters until the results of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests for coronavirus infection are ready to prevent infection of other patients.
Some hospitals were entirely dedicated to hospitalization of CVI patients. In other multidisciplinary hospitals, all departments for each profile were divided into two departments isolated from each other, for the treatment of CVI infected and patients without signs of CVI. Routine medical care was carried out at home by mobile medical teams of polyclinics.
As Rector of the Medical University of Karaganda Raushan Dosmagambetova said, during the pandemic, the university teachers trained about 2 thousand doctors and 200 epidemiologists of the region.
At present, since Aug. 10, 2020, all employees have been taken out of the polyclinics of the region for work, specialists continue remote consultation. Reception of patients by appointment, patients for emergency indications are admitted in emergency rooms, vaccinations, fluorography, paid medical examinations, rehabilitation at the PHC level, physiotherapy, screenings are carried out strictly by appointment. Resumed hospitalization in the day hospital at PMASP.
The scheduled work of the polyclinic was restored with ensuring the separation of flows, persons for preventive work, observing time intervals and physical distance measures during the visit. Dynamic monitoring of the dispensary group at home / video consultation / in primary care, provision of drugs with home delivery.
230 mobile teams were organized to provide care to patients at home, 718 employees were involved. In addition, 21 ambulance teams at primary health care were withdrawn to service calls of the 4th category of urgency. 15 thermal imagers were installed in large polyclinics, 207 non-contact thermometers, 591 pulse oximeters were purchased at the expense of PHC funds, filters for receiving patients with ARVI and pneumonia were organized according to the requirements in each PHC, 198,828 remote consultations were held since March, of which district doctors 138,193 (70 %), specialized specialists 60,635 (30%).
Currently, the region's hospitals have the necessary medicines supplied from SK-Pharmacy LLP. Regional hospitals have submitted additional applications in the amount of 1.2 billion tenge, the Moscow Region is expecting the supply of medicines upon additional applications from SK-Pharmacy LLP.
General Director of Karaganda Pharmaceutical Complex LLP Sergey Baron spoke about the production of medicines in the region.
“We have released three drugs for 1 billion tenge. Now we already have 9 drugs in our portfolio. The production this year amounted to 8 billion tenge,” Baron said.
According to Director of Amanat LLP Ayan Rysbekov, the geography of the enterprise's supplies is over 70 countries of the world, about 400 supplier companies. In July 2020, purchase volumes were increased by 300% for 41 items. It is planned to create a stock of medicines for the autumn-winter period.